Barack Obama has been elected to a second four-year term as President of the United States.
The Democrat from Illinois, and the nation's first African-American president, pulled out a victory over Mitt Romney, the Republican former governor of Massachusetts.
The race was predictably tight, and though Obama lost several of the swing states that he won in the last election, he held on to the vital electoral votes of Colorado, Colorado and Iowa, which put him over the 270 required to win another term, before Virginia and Florida were even called. MSNBC and Fox News called the election, followed minutes later by CNN.
The election returns a very different Obama to the White House as compared to the one that first entered in January, 2009.
After riding a wave of enthusiasm that crested above difficult economic waters in 2008, Obama spent a difficult four years in office, overcoming Republican opposition to pass his signature Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, better known as Obamacare, but losing his Democratic majority in Congress to the Republican-affiliated Tea Party in the 2010 midterm elections.